lecture notes

 

Hawthorne

 

Thanks for midterms,

Notes and grades emailed Thursday

welcome to reply, discuss, review

 

how much has to go right in writing an essay for classes like ours

 

everyone did at least most of it right

 

learn to extend and develop what you're doing right

 

minimize or counter-balance what you're doing wrong

 

 

 

strongest set was Web Highlights

 

Model Assignments

 

7 weeks till final

usually a research project between, cancelled due to Harvey

 

downside: not as many opportunities to improve your work

upside: more chance to review midterm, plan for final

 

not easy submitting to more prof-time, but sometimes a few minutes can illuminate more than a note

 

 

 

my practice teaching, but also good students, respectful listening and participation

question about discussion?

 

standard advice

depersonalize > return to text

know where you're going to land before you start talking

can you say it in one sentence?

What's the question? (i.e., What's the question we're trying to answer?)

 

 

 

 

 

Minister's Black Veil presentation

 

open to questions or comments

 

opening of story

 

review Hawthorne's style

 

para 6

 

para 21-22

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

M's Black Veil 6, 14, 16, 21, 28, 31, 52, 66-7, 68 > Puritan, Wilderness gothic

Hawthorne reworks light and dark symbol system of European color code and gothic

Black and white neither absolutely good or evil, but cross and interpenetrate > "shades of gray"

 

What is meant by "shades of gray?"

How does the concept use symbols in a system or code of meaning?

How else does Hawthorne use symbols in relation to each other.

 

 

 

31 that piece of crape, to their imagination, seemed to hang down before his heart, the symbol of a fearful secret between him and them.

 

37 this veil is a type and a symbol,

 

 

correspondence in Hawthorne

 

28 catching a glimpse of his figure in the looking-glass, the black veil involved his own spirit in the horror with which it overwhelmed all others. His frame shuddered, his lips grew white, he spilt the untasted wine upon the carpet, and rushed forth into the darkness. For the Earth, too, had on her Black Veil. [<correspondence]

 

43 a new feeling took the place of sorrow: her eyes were fixed insensibly on the black veil, when, like a sudden twilight in the air, its terrors fell around her.

 

 

 

 

 

1 sabbath sunshine

 

 

[54] Among all its bad influences, the black veil had the one desirable effect, of making its wearer a very efficient clergyman. [<irony] By the aid of his mysterious emblem—for there was no other apparent cause—he became a man of awful power over souls that were in agony for sin. His converts always regarded him with a dread peculiar to themselves, affirming, though but figuratively, that, before he brought them to celestial light, they had been with him behind the black veil. Its gloom, indeed, enabled him to sympathize with all dark affections.

 

 

YGB

13 uncertain light

20 communion wine

 

 

Minister's Black Veil

1 Sabbath sunshine

 

6 a darkened aspect to all living and inanimate things

 

14 secret sin (original sin)

 

15 correspondence

 

16 A sad smile gleamed faintly from beneath the black veil, and flickered about his mouth, glimmering as he disappeared.

 

[22] A person who watched the interview between the dead and living, scrupled not to affirm, that, at the instant when the clergyman's features were disclosed, the corpse had slightly shuddered,

 

27 her deathlike paleness caused a whisper that the maiden who had been buried a few hours before was come from her grave to be married.

 

28 catching a glimpse of his figure in the looking-glass, the black veil involved his own spirit in the horror with which it overwhelmed all others. His frame shuddered, his lips grew white, he spilt the untasted wine upon the carpet, and rushed forth into the darkness. For the Earth, too, had on her Black Veil. [<correspondence]

 

[29] The next day, the whole village of Milford talked of little else than Parson Hooper's black veil. That, and the mystery concealed behind it

 

31 that piece of crape, to their imagination, seemed to hang down before his heart, the symbol of a fearful secret between him and them.

 

[32] But there was one person in the village unappalled [unshaken] by the awe with which the black veil had impressed all beside herself.

 

37 this veil is a type and a symbol,

 

43 a new feeling took the place of sorrow: her eyes were fixed insensibly on the black veil, when, like a sudden twilight in the air, its terrors fell around her.  [<correspondence]

 

[54] Among all its bad influences, the black veil had the one desirable effect, of making its wearer a very efficient clergyman. [<irony] By the aid of his mysterious emblem—for there was no other apparent cause—he became a man of awful power over souls that were in agony for sin. His converts always regarded him with a dread peculiar to themselves, affirming, though but figuratively, that, before he brought them to celestial light, they had been with him behind the black veil. Its gloom, indeed, enabled him to sympathize with all dark affections.

 

[56] Several persons were visible by the shaded candlelight, in the death chamber

 

56 All through life that piece of crape had hung between him and the world: it had separated him from cheerful brotherhood and woman's love, and kept him in that saddest of all prisons, his own heart; and still it lay upon his face, as if to deepen the gloom of his darksome chamber, and shade him from the sunshine of eternity.

 

[65] "Dark old man!'' exclaimed the affrighted minister, "with what horrible crime upon your soul are you now passing to the judgment?''

 

68  veiled corpse, with a faint smile lingering on the lips. Still veiled, they laid him in his coffin, and a veiled corpse they bore him to the grave. The grass of many years has sprung up and withered on that grave, the burial stone is moss-grown, and good Mr. Hooper's face is dust; but awful is still the thought that it mouldered beneath the Black Veil!

 

 

Young Goodman Brown

4, 6 pink ribbons

 

[8] With this excellent resolve for the future, Goodman Brown felt himself justified in making more haste on his present evil purpose. He had taken a dreary road, darkened by all the gloomiest trees of the forest, which barely stood aside to let the narrow path creep through, and closed immediately behind.

 

[9] ”There may be a devilish Indian behind every tree,'' . . .  the devil himself

 

[13] It was now deep dusk in the forest

 

13 his staff, which bore the likeness of a great black snake, so curiously wrought that it might almost be seen to twist and wriggle itself like a living serpent. This, of course, must have been an ocular deception, assisted by the uncertain light.

 

[17] “My father never went into the woods on such an errand, nor his father before him. We have been a race of honest men and good Christians since the days of the martyrs; and shall I be the first of the name of Brown that ever took this path and kept''

 

[18] I have been as well acquainted with your family as with ever a one among the Puritans;

 

[20] The deacons of many a church have drunk the communion wine with me; . . .  state secrets.'' [gothic secrets combine with conspiracy theory]

 

27 so far in the wilderness at nightfall

 

34 a nice young man to be taken into communion to-night

 

38 gloomy hollow of the road

 

41 deepening gloom

 

45 heathen wilderness

 

47 confused and doubtful sound of voices

 

51 the heart of the dark wilderness

 

53 all the sounds of the benighted wilderness pealing in awful harmony together.

 

54 As the red light arose and fell, a numerous congregation alternately shone forth, then disappeared in shadow, and again grew, as it were, out of the darkness, peopling the heart of the solitary woods at once. [<phantasmagoria effect]

 

56 Either the sudden gleams of light flashing over the obscure field bedazzled Goodman Brown, or he recognized a score of the church members of Salem village famous for their especial sanctity.

 

58 The four blazing pines threw up a loftier flame, and obscurely discovered shapes and visages of horror on the smoke wreaths above the impious assembly. At the same moment the fire on the rock shot redly forth and formed a glowing arch above its base, where now appeared a figure.

 

60 a loathful brotherhood by the sympathy of all that was wicked in his heart

 

63 behold the whole earth one stain of guilt, one mighty blood spot. Far more than this. It shall be yours to penetrate, in every bosom, the deep mystery of sin

 

[67]   A basin was hollowed, naturally, in the rock. Did it contain water, reddened by the lurid light? or was it blood? or, perchance, a liquid flame?

 

 

 

 

Luke 18.11 The Pharisee stood and prayed thus with himself, God, I thank you, that I am not as other men are, extortioners, unjust, adulterers, or even as this tax collector.

 

 

 

(original sin)

 

Hawthorne as "classic" author--perfection of style, moral seriousness + wit, historical depth, symbolic power

popular + teaching Hawthorne: application of gothic to American past + moral depth

 

 

 

Exceptions:



1940

1963

1979

1995