8-12 minutes for presentation;
Discussion may continue indefinitely
Open discussion by
inviting class to raise questions, problems, or
overall observations regarding reading
assignment. (Questions may be addressed to instructor as well as discussion
idea, theme, problem, issue,
literary feature in reading
Relate this idea to a
course objective (or, if not,
indicate why it doesn’t fit).
Direct class (page numbers or via webpage) to
one or two passages from reading assignment
read selections aloud
apply to opening theme
(If online text, discussion-leader or instructor may
locate passages on projection screen.)
opening steps may be rearranged.)
Ask a question or questions to start discussion. Questions
should follow from your interpretation or appeal more broadly to challenges in
the text or intertexts with other class
At least one question should be from
instructor's Discussion Questions.
You may also ask questions along the way, at end of
each passage for instance.
Lead discussion. You may follow up or re-start
discussion with follow-up questions as prepared.
If students don't respond . . .
Keep pressing the question--restate, approach
differently, or ask students if they understand what you're asking.
challenges to analysis
Ask students what they saw in the passages or elsewhere in
the assignment that mattered
Conclude discussion by highlighting major points
from discussion + relation to course objective
Don't march through entire reading assignment,
seeking complete coverage.
Don't focus on author's biography or force the text
to conform to external facts.
Instead of biographical reading
Advice for successful presentation:
Don't save questions & discussion for very end. Mix in questions &
discussion at intervals during presentation.
Start discussion as soon as you can. Students are ready to talk as soon as
the passage is read.
Mix discussion with your own analysis. Instead of telling class what you
think, ask what they think, then add what they didn't say
When in doubt, ask a question.
When in doubt about a question, review