LITR 4368
Literature of the Future

Model Assignments

Final Exam Essays 2017


 Sample answers for Essay 2:
personal / professional interests


Kerisha Loctor

The Butterfly Effect

          The present is affected by decisions made and events that occurred in the past. The future works the same. Decisions made in the present and events that occur now can alter the future. Even the smallest of changes can alter the future. This is called the “butterfly effect”. The butterfly effect is commonly found in popular culture as it is a fascinating concept. The butterfly effect is usually discussed in a hypothetical context, but is it not reasonable to believe that it is possible? Couldn’t a small mistake in the past not affect the future radically? However, according to journalist Peter Dizikes, this is a misconception adopted by popular culture. The butterfly effect can occur but not in the frequency that is implied in the media; these changes that can affect later events is “inherently limited” and are impossible to trace. Though this is a more accurate definition of the “butterfly effect,” the idea that any slight change can affect the future is a more fun, interesting concept to develop into movies, television shows, and literature.

          In 2004, the movie “The Butterfly Effect” was released. The main character of the movie travels back in time and attempts to change his future by changing events that occurred to him in the past. This idea is a clear example of the misuse of the butterfly effect as it suggests that every time the main character does something to the past, something is bound to change in the future, making time unpredictable. Along with movies, there are television series that use the butterfly effect as a basis for storytelling. In the television series Lost, the butterfly effect becomes a huge part of the story. Throughout the series, characters traveled back and forth in time, making decisions based on what they experience in that particular time period. One of the characters, Hurley, initially was portrayed as a lottery winner who was very unlucky. Later on in the series, due to time travel and a change to the timeline, Hugo still won the lottery but was very successful. There are many other movies and television series that utilizes the idea of the butterfly effect, but this idea originated in science fiction novels and texts. Sometimes the idea is not developed but is left to the readers’ imaginations.

          In the text “Mozart in Mirrorshades”, written by Bruce Sterling and Lewis Shiner, the butterfly effect concept is portrayed in a humorous manner. In the story, Mozart is firstly introduced as a child in the eighteenth-century listening to his own compositions that he will have composed in fifteen years. Throughout the text, Mozart continues to develop and learn new mannerisms and speech of present times as he ages. Readers at this point are left to think about the consequences of these changes; will Mozart, after being exposed to rock-n-roll music, still compose his classical music? Will he write music (with English words or German?) instead of composing music?

          Another textual example is found in The Time Machine, in which again time travel is the catalyst to seeing the future. The Time Traveler travels thousands of years into the future until he lands in a time where there exist two species, the Eloi and the Morlocks. He rescues and befriends an Eloi named Weena. This may have begun the disruption of the Eloi-Murlock arrangement and started a domino effect of events leading to the future. The Time Traveler mentions how he had planned to take her back to his time; however, Weena dies before he was able to make her time travel happen. Readers, again, are left to ponder what consequences would have occurred if the Time Traveler succeeded in bring Weena out of her time period. Could her being taken out of the future and put in the past upset the timeline of the future as he saw?

          So why is the butterfly effect important to note and study? It is relevant to decisions we make today. Yes, it is a hypothetical concept used in media and literature, but it is based on some kind of truth; decisions we make today will ultimately affect the future through the consequences of those decisions. Time travel is not possible, for now, so only the present is available to manipulate. The butterfly effect mostly refers to a minor change that makes a significant impact to the future. Today is tomorrow’s past. With that thought, people must be careful in how they can make a difference in their own lives and others’. Being mindful while driving is a fitting example. Looking down at a phone for a split second can lead to many different possibilities. It can lead to a fatal car accident with another driver, with a stationary object, or it could lead to nothing.