(2019 midterm assignment)

Model Midterm answers 2019 (Index)

Essay 3: Web Highlights

LITR 4368
Literature of the Future  

Model Assignments


Jacob O. Logan

March 27, 2019

Religion Is All Around Us

I was not sure what to expect to learn in this class, as I thought it would be about science fiction literature. However, we are exploring concepts of the past and how it relates to the present. In this class we are reading various pieces of literature which present the narratives of creation/apocalypse, evolution, and alternative classifications. We have explored the book of Revelations from The Bible, Octavia Butler’s Parable of the Sower, and H.G. Wells’ Time Machine. Books of religion, evolution, and science fiction. It was interesting to read the model assignments and learn how religion is present in all genres of literature, not just in religious works. Religion crosses the line into our everyday lives and works of literature, often without conscious observation.

In his 2016 essay Kyle Abshire reviewed the three types of narratives. He made a valid statement when he observed that “the Bible is a terrific example of an apocalypse narrative.” God creates the world in the book of Genesis and then destroys it. In Revelations the earth is destroyed. Kyle observes that “the evolution narrative often takes the same approach as the apocalypse narrative, but usually concludes with a lesson learned and an evolution in ideas or thought to survive the next possible destruction.” The creation narrative relates how God created the world and Adam and Eve in the Garden of Eden. When they sinned against God, they were made to leave Paradise, and mankind then began to decline. Mankind’s defiance of God’s rules eventually leads to the apocalypse described in Revelation, which foretells that the world will be destroyed, and the sinners will be destroyed with it, leaving no hope for the sinners. However, those who follow

God’s commands will be promoted to an ideal world to live in eternal glory, providing hope for those who believe and follow the commands of God. The Bible is obviously a religious work, but it also sets forth rules by which many people live their lives, and, as Kyle Abshire observed, it lays out the future mankind can expect if they disobey God’s commands.

Clark Omo in his 2017 Essay observed that, “Religion, though many there are, has an importance to humanity. It asks us to quantify our beliefs and seek a better state through those beliefs.” This is an interesting thought, but even more interesting was how he proved this conclusion by showing examples of religion used in the science fiction works of the Star Wars series. He observed that Luke Skywalker’s “dedication mirrors the Christian maxims of perseverance and faith: both the Force user and the Christian follower strive to achieve perfection in their beliefs.” The Force in Star Wars is part of a religious belief. The struggle between Luke Skywalker and Darth Vader is comparable to the struggle between good and evil, the struggle between Christians and Satan. Clark Omo’s essay was very enlightening and helped me to see that religion is present in many forms of literature, not just religious writings. Further, it helps me to observe the presence of religious beliefs in everyday things which I had not noticed prior to reading his essay. Omo wrote, “Religion in the form of the Force stands as a major power and shaper of the world of Star Wars.” Science fiction deals with the future, and Star Wars is a major science fiction work of literature. Omo concludes, “And with religion’s relevance established in the world of Star Wars, thus its relevance can be established throughout the science fiction genre as a whole.” Omo was able to demonstrate that millions of people have related to the religious belief of good versus evil without even realizing it, just by their contact with Star Wars. I realized that religious beliefs are conveyed to the public without their realization.

I next reviewed Clark Omo’s 2016 Essay 3, wherein he makes observations of his studies of model assignments regarding the different narratives. Omo reviewed Timothy Morrow’s essay and recognized that Morrow had identified a pattern of creation of an Eden which worsened to the point that it was totally destroyed. This was recognized in The Bible as well as Octavia Butler’s The Parable of the Sower and H.G. Wells’ The Time Traveler. In each case, the earth is a paradise that gradually worsens with mankind’s intervention until it reaches a point that it cannot be redeemed, at which time it is destroyed and a new world is created.

I found Omo’s observations to be very similar to my own, and it was reassuring to know that another student has reached the same conclusions as my own. Studying the three essays has allowed me to see that stories are not just a means of entertainment; they also provide a glimpse into what the future might hold by observing the past. Personal faith allows people to believe in creation/apocalypse. The hope that mankind is always evolving allows for people to look forward to the future and for the world to continue to evolve. The apocalyptic narrative provides a way for mankind to realize there are consequences for every action. How each person justifies his or her actions depends on whether he or she believes in creation or evolution. Reading different narratives of literature in this class has allowed me the opportunity to reflect on my personal beliefs and how I can convey those to other people and also realize the impact I have on the world around me. Reading the three different essays has allowed me to reflect on the realizations other students have reached and to view these works of literature from their points of view.