arabesque: a kind of ornamentation consisting of a fantastic interlacing pattern of flowers, foliage, or fruit, often with figures of men and animals (except in Arabic art), sometimes geometic in character
Other ways of describing this art:
"orientalism"--tendency to romanticize "oriental" images in Romantic art and literature as "exotic," etc. "The Orient" in the nineteenth century included the Middle East as well as eastern Asia.
2396 Eastern figure, Luxor, arabesque