1st century - 19c CE: Swahili / Bantu culture,
influenced by Arabian / Islamic settlements on Indian Ocean coast
1885-1890: German protectorate on coast,
1888- : Imperial British East Africa Company,
1896–1929: Uganda Railway system built
by British engineers and African and Indian workers, linking interiors
of Uganda and Kenya with Mombasa, Kenyan port on Indian Ocean, despite
British political dissent (over costs), tribal resistance, heat,
sickness, and man-eating lions. Called "Iron Snake" by native Kenyans.
1920: East Africa Protectorate becomes British colony,
named Kenya for Mount Kenya
1950s: Approximately 80,000 white settlers living in
1952-59: Mau Mau uprising, led primarily by Kikuyu
tribe, repressed by British
1957: Kenya African National Union led by Jomo Kenyatta
(below) wins majority on Legislative Council.
1963: Kenya Independence Act of the United Kingdom
1964: Kenya becomes independent "Republic of Kenya"
1964-78: Jomo Kenyatta president from Independence
1978-2002: Daniel arap Moi presidency, first in
single-party elections; multi-party elections begin in 1990s.
2000s: "free and fair" multiparty elections with
successful transfers of power.