Images for Craig White's Literature Courses

Maps of India & Indian Subcontinent


Informal geopolitical regions of world incl. South Asia

Indian Ocean

Current political map of Indian subcontinent

Physical maps of Indian subcontinent

(Note mountain ranges—esp. Himalayas—isolating subcontinent from Asia)

high & massive mountain ranges encircling subcontinent result from continental drift

Continental Drift of Indian Subcontinent to Southern Eurasia

(Continental collision raises mountain ranges that isolate subcontinent from Asia)

Ancient / Pre-Colonial India

Buddhist India

Mughal or Mogul Empire

Mughal Dynasty, descended from Timurids (Central Asian Sunni Dynasty who ruled Iran, Afghanistan, & adjoining parts of Asia, founded by Timur or Tamerlaine in 14c),
founded by Babur, continued by Akbar the Great, & ruled most of India until 18c; dissolved by British Raj after Indian Rebellion of 1857.

Impact: compare Norman invasion of England. As the French-speaking Normans took positions of power, common people remained Anglo-Saxon, with gradual re-absorption by English language and culture. Comparably (to limited degree), political leadership in India was primarily Muslim, but many or most common people remained Hindu. (However, many Hindus converted to Islam to escape caste system or for other reasons.)



Princely States of pre- or early colonial India


British Colonial India

(includes present-day Pakistan, India, Nepal, Bangladesh, Burma)

Partition of India / Independence of India & Pakistan 1947


Pakistan and adjoining areas

Indus River

(source of Greek name for India; indigenous name = Bharat)

Ganges River













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